Lao Airlines Flight 301

ຈາກ ວິກິພີເດຍ
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ສາຍການບິນລາວ ຖ້ຽວບິນ 301 ເປັນຖ້ຽວບິນພາຍໃນເດີນທາງຈາກ ນະຄອນຫຼວງວຽງຈັນ ໄປສູ່ປາຍທາງເມືອງ ປາກເຊ, ແຂວງ ຈຳປາສັກ, ປະເທດລາວ. ໃນວັນທີ 16 ຕຸລາ 2013, ເຮືອບິນ ATR 72–600 ທີ່ກຳລັງທຳການບິນຢູ່ໄດ້ເກີດອຸປະຕິເຫດຕົກລົງ ແມ່ນ້ຳຂອງ ໃກ້ກັບເມືອງ ປາກເຊ, ເຮັດໃຫ້ຄົນ 49 ຄົນທີ່ຢູ່ໃນເຮືອບິນເສຍຊີວິດ. ອຸປະຕິເຫດດັ່ງກ່າວເປັນເທື່ອທຳອິດທີ່ເກີດຂຶ້ນກັບເຮືອບິນ ATR 72–600,[໑] ທີ່ມີີຜູ່ເສຍຊີວິດຫຼາຍທີ່ສຸດທີ່ເກີດຂຶ້ນກັບຊາວລາວ ແລະເປັນອຸປະຕິເຫດທີ່ເກີດຂຶ້ນກັບເຮືອບິນ ATR 72 ຮ້າຍແຮງເປັນອັນດັບ 3 ຮອງຈາກ Aero Caribbean Flight 883 ແລະ American Eagle Flight 4184 ເຊິ່ງພາກຊີວິດຄົນໄປ 68 ຄົນ. ນອກຈາກນັ້ນ, ອຸປະຕິເຫດຄັ້ງດັ່ງກ່າວຍັງເປັນອຸປະຕິເຫດຄັ້ງຮ້າຍແຮງທຳອິດສຳລັບສາຍການບິນລາວນັບຕັ້ງແຕ່ປີ 2000 ເປັນຕົ້ນມາ.[໒][໓][໔][໕] ລາຍງານການສືບສວນລະບຸວ່າອຸປະຕິເຫດຄັ້ງນີ້ອາດເປັນຜົນມາຈາກຄວາມຜິດພາດຂອງນັກບິນ.[໖]

ເຮືອບິນ[ແກ້ໄຂ]

ເຮືອບິນທີ່ເກີດອຸປະຕິເຫດແມ່ນ ATR 72-600, ລົງທະບຽນ RDPL-34233, ໝາຍເລກຊີຣຽວ 1071, ມີຊົ່ວໂມງບິນ 758 ຊົ່ວໂມງ. ຖືກຈັດສົ່ງໃຫ້ກັບ ສາຍການບິນລາວ ໃນວັນທີ 29 ມີນາ 2013.[໗][໘]

ອຸປະຕິເຫດ[ແກ້ໄຂ]

ເຮືອບິນລຳດັ່ງກ່າວແມ່ນກຳລັງບິນເສັ້ນທາງການບິນພາຍໃນຈາກ ສະໜາມບິນສາກົນວັດໄຕ, ນະຄອນຫຼວງວຽງຈັນ ໄປສູ່ ສະໜາມບິນສາກົນວັດໄຕ, ເມືອງ ປາກເຊ, ແຂວງ ຈຳປາສັກ, ປະເທດລາວ.[໙][໑໐] ຖ້ຽວບິນດັ່ງກ່າວໄດ້ອອກຈາກນະຄອນຫຼວງວຽງຈັນເວລາ 14:45 ຕາມເວລາທ້ອງຖິ່ນ (07:45 UTC) ແລະຕົກລົງສູ່ ແມ່ນ້ຳຂອງ ເວລາ 15:55 (08:55 UTC) ໃນຂະນະທີ່ເຂົ້າສູ່ປາກເຊເປັນເທື່ອທີສອງດ້ວຍໄລຍະຫ່າງພຽງ 6 ກິໂລແມັດຈາກສະໜາມບິນ.[໑໑][໑໒][໑໓] ເຮືອບິນໄດ້ມີການບິນວົນເທື່ອນຶ່ງແລ້ວເນື່ອງຈາກສະພາບອາກາດທີ່ບໍ່ດີ ແລະພະຍາຍາມບິນຕາມເສັ້ນທາງລົມອີກເທື່ອນຶ່ງກ່ອນທີ່ຈະຕົກລົງແມ່ນ້ຳທີ່ຢູ່ໃກ້ໆກັນ.[໑໐]

ມີຈຸບິນ 5 ຄົນ ແລະຜູ່ໂດຍສານ 44 ຄົນຢູ່ໃນເຮືອບິນ, ທັງໝົດເຊື່ອວ່າເສຍຊີວິດທັນທີທີ່ເຮືອບິນຕົກລົງ.[໑໔] ຮ້ອງຮອຍທີ່ຢູ່ພາກພື້ນລະບຸວ່າເຮືອບິນມີການຕົກລົງພື້ນຢ່າງຮຸນແຮງກ່ອນທີ່ຈະຈົມລົງແມ່ນ້ຳຂອງ.[໑໕] ສະພາບອາກາດໃນເວລາດັ່ງກ່າວມີການລາຍງານວ່າຢູ່ໃນສະພາບທີ່ບໍ່ດີຫຼາຍເນື່ອງຈາກຜົນຂອງພະຍຸ ພະຍຸໄຕ້ຝຸ່ນນະລີ ທີ່ກຳລັງສົ່ງຜົນກະທົບກັບພາກໃຕ້ຂອງລາວໃນເວລາດັ່ງກ່າວ.[໑໐][໑໖]

Recovery of the victims and wreckage was hampered by the fast-flowing, deep waters of the Mekong. To assist with the search, 50 divers from Thailand were brought in.[໗] Eighteen of the victims had been recovered as of 18 October.[໑໗] By 23 October 44 of the 49 victims had been recovered. Identification had been confirmed for 27 of them.[໑໘] Some of the victims were found ແມ່ແບບ:Convert downstream of the crash site.[໑໕]

ການສືບສວນ[ແກ້ໄຂ]

The Laotian Department of Civil Aviation opened an investigation into the accident.[໗] The aircraft's manufacturer ATR and the French Bureau d'Enquêtes et d'Analyses pour la Sécurité de l'Aviation Civile (BEA) are assisting them.[໑໐] The BEA sent four investigators to Laos.[໑໙]

The wreckage of the aircraft was lifted from the Mekong on 22 October 2013.[໑໘] More than two weeks after the accident, on 31 October 2013, the Cockpit Voice Recorder was successfully recovered from the Mekong.[໑໐][໒໐] The Flight Data Recorder was recovered two days later on 2 November.[໑໐]

According to the official investigation report, released on 28 November 2014, the probable cause of the accident was the failure of the pilots to land safely in the changed weather conditions, after a first failed landing.[໖]

ຜູ່ໂດຍສານ ແລະລູກເຮືອ[ແກ້ໄຂ]

The victims were of eleven nationalities. Of the 44 passengers on board, 16 were Laotian,[໑໔] as were four of the five crew. The pilot was a Cambodian national.[໑໕][໑໖] The remaining casualties consisted of seven French nationals, six Australians, five Thais, three South Koreans, three Vietnamese, and one each from China, Taiwan, Malaysia and the United States.[໑໑][໑໕][໒໑][໒໒][໒໓][໒໔] At least two children, both from Australia, were among the dead.[໒໕] Early reports that a Canadian was on board were incorrect, since it was later determined that the individual was a Vietnamese national.[໒໖]

Country Passengers Crew Total
ແມ່ແບບ:Flagu 16 4 20
ແມ່ແບບ:Flagu 7 ແມ່ແບບ:Hs 7
ແມ່ແບບ:Flagu 6 ແມ່ແບບ:Hs 6
ແມ່ແບບ:Flagu 5 ແມ່ແບບ:Hs 5
ແມ່ແບບ:Flagu 3 ແມ່ແບບ:Hs 3
ແມ່ແບບ:Flagu 3 ແມ່ແບບ:Hs 3
ແມ່ແບບ:Flagu 1 1
ແມ່ແບບ:Flagu 1 ແມ່ແບບ:Hs 1
ແມ່ແບບ:Flagu 1 ແມ່ແບບ:Hs 1
ແມ່ແບບ:Flagu 1 ແມ່ແບບ:Hs 1
ແມ່ແບບ:Flagu 1 ແມ່ແບບ:Hs 1
Total 44 5 49

References[ແກ້ໄຂ]

  1. Taylor, Ellis. "ATR releases more details on Lao Airlines crash", Flightglobal, 17 October 2013
  2. "Laos air safety profile". Aviation Safety Network. ສືບຄົ້ນເມືອ 16 October 2013. 
  3. "Lao Aviation". Aviation Safety Network. ສືບຄົ້ນເມືອ 16 October 2013. 
  4. "Lao Airlines". Aviation Safety Network. ສືບຄົ້ນເມືອ 16 October 2013. 
  5. "Lao Aviation incident record". Aviation Safety Network. ສືບຄົ້ນເມືອ 29 October 2013. 
  6. ໖.໐ ໖.໑ Corben, Ron. "Pilot error 'probable cause' for Lao crash", November 29, 2014. ຮຽກຂໍ້ມູນວັນທີ 29 November 2014
  7. ໗.໐ ໗.໑ ໗.໒ Pongkhao, Somsack. "Recovery effort underway after Lao Airlines plane crash". Vientiane Times. ສືບຄົ້ນເມືອ 18 October 2013. 
  8. "Lao Airlines ATR 42/72 – MSN 1071 – RDPL-34233". airfleets.net. ສືບຄົ້ນເມືອ 16 October 2013. 
  9. Drum, Bruce. "Breaking News: A Lao Airlines ATR 72 crashes in the Mekong River, 44 people on board". World Airline News. ສືບຄົ້ນເມືອ 16 October 2013. 
  10. ໑໐.໐ ໑໐.໑ ໑໐.໒ ໑໐.໓ ໑໐.໔ ໑໐.໕ Hradecky, Simon. "Crash: Lao AT72 at Pakse on Oct 16th 2013, went into Mekong River on approach". The Aviation Herald. ສືບຄົ້ນເມືອ 16 October 2013. 
  11. ໑໑.໐ ໑໑.໑ "Bad weather being blamed for Lao Airlines crash which killed 49 passengers and crew". Reuters. 17 October 2013. ສືບຄົ້ນເມືອ 17 October 2013. 
  12. "Lao plane crashes into Mekong River, 39 people killed". Voice of Russia. ສືບຄົ້ນເມືອ 16 October 2013. 
  13. Toh, Mavis. "Lao Airlines working to identify cause of ATR 72 crash", Flightglobal
  14. ໑໔.໐ ໑໔.໑ Doksone, Thanyarat. "49 feared dead in plane crash in Laos". Associated Press. ສືບຄົ້ນເມືອ 16 October 2013. 
  15. ໑໕.໐ ໑໕.໑ ໑໕.໒ ໑໕.໓ Harmer, Jerry (17 October 2013). "Bodies recovered in Mekong after Laos plane crash". The Aiken Standard. ສືບຄົ້ນເມືອ 18 October 2013. 
  16. ໑໖.໐ ໑໖.໑ "Dozens reported killed in Laos plane crash". CNN. 16 October 2013. ສືບຄົ້ນເມືອ 16 October 2013. 
  17. "Govt demands prompt rescue operation after Pakxe plane crash". Vientiane Times. ສືບຄົ້ນເມືອ 19 October 2013. 
  18. ໑໘.໐ ໑໘.໑ "26 bodies identified, Lao aircraft lifted from Mekong River". MCOT. 23 October 2013. ສືບຄົ້ນເມືອ 24 October 2013. 
  19. "Flight QV 301 on 16 October 2013 – ATR 72–600". Bureau d'Enquêtes et d'Analyses pour la Sécurité de l'Aviation Civile. ສືບຄົ້ນເມືອ 17 October 2013.  (Archive) – French version (Archive)
  20. "Announcement#11". Lao Airlines. ສືບຄົ້ນເມືອ 31 October 2013. 
  21. "Au moins sept Français morts dans un accident d'avion au Laos" (ໃນ French). Le Monde. 16 October 2013. ສືບຄົ້ນເມືອ 16 October 2013. 
  22. "Lao Airlines plane crashes, 49 killed". Bangkok Post. 16 October 2013. ສືບຄົ້ນເມືອ 16 October 2013. 
  23. "At least 44 people die in plane crash". BBC News. 16 October 2013. ສືບຄົ້ນເມືອ 16 October 2013. 
  24. "CEO Press Conference". Lao Airlines. 17 October 2013. ສືບຄົ້ນເມືອ 17 October 2013. 
  25. "Six Aussies dead as Lao Airlines plane carrying 49 people crashes into Mekong River". News.com.au. ສືບຄົ້ນເມືອ 17 October 2013. 
  26. "No Canadians on crashed plane in Laos". Citynews. ສືບຄົ້ນເມືອ 18 October 2013. 

External links[ແກ້ໄຂ]

ແມ່ແບບ:Portal bar ແມ່ແບບ:Aviation accidents and incidents in 2013