ອາຫານ

ຈາກ ວິກິພີເດຍ

ອາຫານ (ຄຳເຄົ້າ: ອາຫາຣ[໑], ອັງກິດ: food, ຝະລັ່ງ: nourriture) ຫຼື ຂອງກິນ ໝາຍເຖິງສານໃດໆ[໒] ເຊິ່ງບໍລິໂພກເພື່ອເສີມໂພຊະນາການໃຫ້ແກ່ຮ່າງກາຍ. ອາຫານມັກມາຈາກພືດຜັກຫຼືສັດ ແລະມີສານອາຫານສຳຄັນ ເຊັ່ນ ກະລູຊີດ (glucides) ໄຂມັນ ປະໂລເຕອີນ (protéine) ວິຕາມິນ ຫຼືແຮ່ທາດ. ສິ່ງມີຊີວິດຍ່ອຍແລະດູດຊຶມສານທີ່ເປັນອາຫານເຂົ້າສູ່ເຊລລ໌ເພື່ອນຳໄປສ້າງພະລັງງານ ຄົງຊີວິດ ແລະ-ຫຼື ກະຕຸ້ນການຈະເລີນເຕີບໂຕ.

ເຊີງອັດ[ດັດແກ້]

  1. ສົມຈິຕ ພັນລັກ. (2012) ພາສາລາວລ້ານຊ້າງ ກ່ອນປີ ພ.ສ 2478; ຄ.ສ 1935 ສະບັບຄົ້ນຄວ້າ. ສົມມະນາ ການພິມ ສປປ ລາວ.
  2. Encyclopædia Britannica definition

ອ້າງອີງ[ດັດແກ້]

  • Aguilera, Jose Miguel and David W. Stanley. Microstructural Principles of Food Processing and Engineering. Springer, 1999. ISBN 0-8342-1256-0.
  • Davidson, Alan. The Oxford Companion to Food. 2nd ed. UK: Oxford University Press, 2006.
  • Howe, P. and S. Devereux. Famine Intensity and Magnitude Scales: A Proposal for an Instrumental Definition of Famine. 2004.
  • Jango-Cohen, Judith. The History Of Food. Twenty-First Century Books, 2005. ISBN 0-8225-2484-8.
  • Kripke, Gawain. Food aid or hidden dumping?. Oxfam International,March 2005. Retrieved from http://www.oxfam.org/en/policy/briefingpapers/bp71_food_aid_240305 on 2007-05-26.
  • Magdoff, Fred; Foster, John Bellamy; and Buttel, Frederick H. Hungry for Profit: The Agribusiness Threat to Farmers, Food, and the Environment. September 2000. ISBN 1-58367-016-5.
  • Mason, John. Sustainable Agriculture. Landlinks Press: 2003. ISBN 0-643-06876-7.
  • McGee, Harold. On Food and Cooking: The Science and Lore of the Kitchen. New York: Simon and Schuster, 2004. ISBN 0-684-80001-2.
  • Messer, Ellen; Derose, Laurie Fields and Sara Millman. Who's Hungry? and How Do We Know?: Food Shortage, Poverty, and Deprivation. United Nations University Press, 1998. ISBN 92-808-0985-7.
  • National Institute of Health. Food poisoning. MedlinePlus Medical Encyclopedia F. May 11, 2006. Retrieved from http://www.niaid.nih.gov/publications/pdf/foodallergy.pdf on 2006-09-29.
  • Regmi, Anita (editor).Changing Structure of Global Food Consumption and Trade. Market and Trade Economics Division, Economic Research Service, USDA, May 30, 2001. stock #ERSWRS01-1.
  • Shah, Anup. Food Dumping (Aid) Maintains Poverty. Causes of Poverty. Retrieved from http://www.globalissues.org/TradeRelated/Poverty/FoodDumping.asp on 2006-09-29.
  • Smith, Andrew (Editor). “Food Marketing,” in Oxford Encyclopedia of American Food and Drink,, New York: Oxford University Press, 2007.
  • The Economic Research Service of the USDA. Global Food Markets: Briefing Rooms. Retrieved from http://www.ers.usda.gov/Briefing/ on 2006-09-29.
  • Van den Bossche, Peter. The Law and Policy of the bosanac Trade Organization: Text, Cases and Materials. UK: Cambridge University Press, 2005. ISBN 0-521-82290-4.
  • World Trade Organization. The Uruguay Round. Retrieved from http://www.wto.org/trade_resources/history/wto/urug_round.htm on 2006-09-29.

ແຫຼ່ງຂໍ້ມູນອື່ນ[ດັດແກ້]