ງົວ

ຈາກ ວິກິພີເດຍ
ງົວ
ສະຖານະການອະນຸຮັກ
ສັດລ້ຽງຫຼືປະສຸສັດ
ການຈຳແໜກຊັ້ນທາງວິທະຍາສາດ
ອານາຈັກ: Animalia
ຟີລຳ: Chordata
ຊັ້ນ: Mammalia
ອັນດັບ: Artiodactyla
ວົງ: Bovidae
ວົງຍ່ອຍ: Bovinae
ສະກຸນ: Bos
ຊະນິດ: B. primigenius
ຊະນິດຍ່ອຍ: B. p. taurus,
B. p. indicus
ຊື່ທະວິນາມ
Bos primigenius
Bojanus, 1827
Trinomen
Bos primigenius taurus,
Bos primigenius indicus

ຖິ່ນທີ່ຢູ່

ງົວ (ອັງກິດ: cattle, ຝະລັ່ງ: vache) ເປັນສັດມີກີບຕີນທີ່ເປັນສັດລ້ຽງຂະໜາດໃຫຍ່ຊະນິດທີ່ສາມັນກວ່າໝູ່. ແມ່ນສະມາຊິກສະໄໝໃໝ່ທີ່ໂດດເດັ່ນໃນວົງຍ່ອຍ Bovinae ເປັນຊະນິດທີ່ແພ່ຫຼາຍທີ່ສຸດໃນສະກຸນ Bos ແລະຖືກຈຳແໜກເປັນກຸ່ມຢ່າງກວ້າງຂວາງທີ່ສຸດວ່າ Bos primigenius.

ງົວຖືກລ້ຽງເປັນປະສຸສັດເພື່ອເອົາຊີ້ນ ເພື່ອເອົານົມແລະຜະລິຕະພັນນົມອື່ນ ໆ ແລະເປັນສັດລາກທຽມ. ຜະລິຕະພັນອື່ນຈາກງົວມີໜັງແລະຂີ້ເພື່ອໃຊ້ເປັນປຸຍຄອກຫຼືເຊື້ອເພີງ. ແຕ່ໃນບາງປະເທດ ເຊັ້ນ ອິນເດຍ ງົວເປັນສັດສັກສິດ.

ຈາກບັນພະບຸລຸດງົວທີ່ເປັນສັດລ້ຽງເພີຍງ 80 ໂຕ ໃນທາງຕາເວັນອອກສຽງໃຕ້ຂອງຕວກກີເມື່ອປະມານ 10,500 ປີກ່ອນ.[໑] ມີການປະເມີນວ່າ ປັດຈຸບັນມີງົວ 1,300 ລ້ານໂຕທົ່ວໂລກ.[໒] ເມື່ອ ຄ.ສ. 2009 ງົວເປັນປະສຸສັດຊະນິດທຳອິດທີ່ມີການເຮັດແຜນທີ່ເຊນົມຢ່າງສົມບູນ.[໓]

ອ້າງອີງ[ດັດແກ້]

  1. Bollongino, Ruth & al. Molecular Biology and Evolution. "Modern Taurine Cattle descended from small number of Near-Eastern founders". 7 Mar 2012. Accessed 2 Apr 2012. Op. cit. in Wilkins, Alasdair. io9.com. "DNA reveals that cows were almost impossible to domesticate". 28 Mar 2012. Accessed 2 Apr 2012.
  2. Breeds of Cattle at CATTLE TODAY
  3. Brown, David. "Scientists Unravel Genome of the Cow", The Washington Post, 2009-04-23. ຮຽກຂໍ້ມູນວັນທີ 2009-04-23
ບັນນານຸກົມ
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  • Cattle Today (CT). 2006. Website. Breeds of cattle. Cattle Today. Retrieved December 26, 2006
  • Clay, J. 2004. World Agriculture and the Environment: A Commodity-by-Commodity Guide to Impacts and Practices. Washington, D.C., USA: Island Press. ISBN 1-55963-370-0.
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  • Purdy, Herman R.; R. John Dawes; Dr. Robert Hough (2008). Breeds Of Cattle (2nd ed.).  - A visual textbook containing History/Origin, Phenotype & Statistics of 45 breeds.
  • Huffman, B. 2006. The ultimate ungulate page. UltimateUngulate.com. Retrieved December 26, 2006.
  • Invasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG). 2005. Bos taurus. Global Invasive Species Database.
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  • Oklahoma State University (OSU). 2006. Breeds of Cattle. Retrieved January 5, 2007.
  • Public Broadcasting Service (PBS). 2004. Holy cow. PBS Nature. Retrieved January 5, 2007.
  • Rath, S. 1998. The Complete Cow. Stillwater, Minnesota, USA: Voyageur Press. ISBN 0-89658-375-9.
  • Raudiansky, S. 1992. The Covenant of the Wild. New York: William Morrow and Company, Inc. ISBN 0-688-09610-7.
  • Spectrum Commodities (SC). 2006. Live cattle. Spectrumcommodities.com. Retrieved January 5, 2007.
  • Voelker, W. 1986. The Natural History of Living Mammals. Medford, New Jersey, USA: Plexus Publishing, Inc. ISBN 0-937548-08-1.
  • Yogananda, P. 1946. The Autobiography of a Yogi. Los Angeles, California, USA: Self Realization Fellowship. ISBN 0-87612-083-4.

ອ່ານຕື່ມ[ດັດແກ້]

ແຫຼ່ງຂໍ້ມູນອື່ນ[ດັດແກ້]